Abraham Carley “Green Mountain Boy”

Reseach from Jim Mau

Abraham Carley “The Green Mountain Boy” was the Abraham Carley who kept showing up in the Vermont records. It seemed safest to identify him separately, at least while information was being collected, until he could be merged with one of the other Abraham profiles.

He was in the Green Mountain Boys and left a trail of records in Vermont. Any of the contenders must match his timeline and profile.

Here is a timeline of the found records.

Abraham was living in Manchester, Vermont, in 1765. He appears as Abraham Carly in the ledger of a tavern in Putney, Vermont, between 1766 and 1771.

He appears as Abraham Carly on a list dated 1 Nov 1770 as a “Petitioner of New York for land grant titles in Vermont”. In 1771 he was living in Cumberland County, Vermont.

On 4 Jul 1775 he appears as an enlisted man on the roster of the Green Mountain Boys, this time as “Carley, Abraham”. He enlisted in Captain Gideon Brownson’s Company of Militia (Vermont) on 16 Jan 1776.

He was on the Pay Roll of Captain Asaph Cook’s Company of Militia in Colonel Gideon’s Warren’s Regiment, dated October 1781, being paid “for service done in the defence of the Northern Frontiers of this State” (Vermont). The Pay Roll records of Vermont show Abraham “GMB” was still serving in the militia until at least 1781

The profile of Abraham “The Green Mountain Boy”, shows him consistently in Vermont and never in the company of other Carleys. (Other Carleys found in Vermont during this era were Ebenezer, Ichabod, and William.)

The profile of Abraham Sr(1711) shows him to be firmly anchored in Hillsdale and when he appears in records he is generally with his immediate family. He was old enough to have been the Abraham of the
“Green Mountain Boys”, but his profile conflicts in every detail with the Abraham found in the Vermont records. It seems Abraham Sr(1711) would be too old to be Abraham “GMB”. By 1781, when Abraham “GMB”
appears on the Pay Roll, Abraham Sr(1711) would have been 70 years old.

(NOTE: Roughly the same geographical area of New York was called in turn Claverack, Nobletown, and Hillsdale. To complicate matters, the area was first in Albany County and only became Columbia County in 1786. Earlier, there had even been a dispute as to whether this area was a part of Massachusetts or New York.)

The Green Mountain Boys – Rosters The information following is stamped “New Hampshire State Library 993.344 V527

The State of Vermont
Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War
1775 to 1783
Published by Authority of the Legislature
Compiled and Edited by John E. Goodrich
A Member of the Vermont Historical Society
Rutland, Vermont
The Tuttle Company
1904
Index to Special Persons and Subjects
(excerpt following pertinent subject)
Green Mountain Boys pp 813, 814, 815, 816, 827, 831 and 836.
p.814

A List of the Field Officers, Captains and part of the Lieutenants of the Regiment of Green Mountain Boys, con- sisting of seven companies.

July 4, 1775
Colonel Allen’s royal list of loyal Officers.

Ethan Allen, Field Officer
Seth Warner, Field Officer

Captains

Remember Baker
Robert Cochran
Michael Veal
Peleg Sutherling
Gideon Warren
Wait Hopkins
Herman Allen

Levi Allen, Adjutant
Elijah Babcock, Comissay
Jonas Fay, Doctor & Surgeon
Ordered that in consequence of a recommendation from the Continental Congress a Body of Troops not exceeding five hundred men, officers included, be forthwith raised of those called Green Mountain Boys, that they elect all their own officers except Field Officers. That Major General Schuyler be requested to forward this order to them & receive from them a list of such officers as they shall elect to be communicated to this Congress and that General Schuyler be further requested, without de-lay to procure the sense of thos troops concerning the persons who will be most agreeable to them for Field Officers, and to make other inquiry & upon the whole advise this Congress, what persons will be most proper to be appointed as Field Officers to lead to Command these troops. That the said troops, when raised, be considered as an Independent Body, their Field Officers taking rank after the Field Officers of the other Troops to be raised by this Colony for the Continental Service. That their Corps of Officers consist of one Lieutenant Colonel, one Major, seven Captains and fourteen lieuten-ants and that the General be furnished with Blank Warr-ants to be filled up by him, agreeable to such election as above mentioned. Die Martis, 9 ho. A.M. 15th Augt. 1775.

A letter from General Schuyler of the 31st of July last was read and filed and is in the words following:
“Ticonderoga, July 31, 1775
Gentlemen:

I do myself the honor to enclose you a copy of a letter and paper I have received from the people called Green Mountain Boys, together with a copy of my letter in answer. I am apprehensive that the controversy, that has arisen amongst them, relative to Field Officers, will cause delay in the levies.

Whilst at New York and even after my arrival here, on convening with Allen and Warner, I did not conceive there would have been any contest between them, or that a third person would have been recommended by the People as a Field Officer; on that supposition and believing the people unanimous in their favor I should not have hesi-tated to have recommended them.”

p.815

The several papers referred to in the proceeding letter from General Schuyler were respectively read and filed and are in the words following:

“May it please your Honour.
In compliance with the Orders of Congress as well as your recommendation, I enclose the proceedings of our Committee on the New Hampshire Grants, upon due notice to the Towns in General – all which is humbly submitted to your wisdom, not doubting but the warrants will issue agreeable to our wishes. We are, etc etc
Nathan Clark, Chairman
Dorset, July 28th 1775
To the Hon’ble Gen’l Schuyler.”
At a Meeting of the Committees of the several Townships on the New Hampshire Grants. West of the Range of Green Mountains, convened at the house of Mr. Cephas Kents in the Township of Dorset, July 27th, 1775 – Voted as follows, to wit:

1st
2d
3d Chose Mr. Nathan Clark, Chairman
Chose John Fasset, Clerk
The motion being made and seconded
Whether this Convention shall prose-
cute in choosing Field and other Offi-
cers, according to the Provincial Con-
gress and your Honour’s directions.
Passed in the affirmative: Then proceeded as follows:

4th Chose Mr. Seth Warner Lieutenant Colonel,
for the Regiment of Green Mountain
Boys, by a majority of forty-one to
five. 5th Chose Mr. Samuel Spafford Major for
said Regiment by a majority of twenty
to seventeen

Then proceeded and chose seven Captains and fourteen Lieutenants by a great majority, viz:

Captains

Weight Hopkins
Oliver Potter
John Grant
William Fitch
Gideon Brownson
Micah Vail
Herman Allen

First Lieutenants

John Fassett
Eben’r Allen
Barnebas Barnum
David Galusha
______ Bleaksley
Ira Allen
Gideon Warren

Second Lieutenants

Johan Noble
James Claghors
John Chipman
Philo Herd
Nathan Smith
Jesse Sawyer
Joshua Stanton
Nathan Clark, Chairman
Hd Qtrs Ticonderoga July 31, 1775
Sir: Your letter dated July 28th has been delivered me by Captain Fitch, together with all the votes, that were enclosed.

The choice of the Captains and Lieutenants being left unconditional to the people, those chosen will receive their Warrants as soon as they come to my hands. And that the levying of the men may not be retarded, you will signify to them that I hereby empower them immediat- ly to proceed to that business without waiting for the Warrants.

The votes I shall immediately transmit to Congress, that they may approve of the Field Officers or appoint others out of your Body as they may think proper. I am, Sir, etc etc Ph. Schuyler”

To Mr. Nathan Clark

Ordered, that Blank Warrants be sent to General Schuyler for the seven Captains & fourteen Lieutenants of the Troops to be raised by this Colony from among those called Green Mountain Boys, when such a number are raised as (in his opinion) shall make it necessary.

Resolved, that when the Green Mountain Boys are raised each of them shall be furnished with a Coat and that Mr. Peter T. Curtenius be requested to purchase coarse green Cloth for that purpose and red Cloth suffi- cient to face those Coats and to have two hundred and twenty-five coats of a large size made of the said Cloth.

p. 816, 817 deal with letters concerning the Green Mountain Boys but not Rosters.

p.827
“A return of Captain John Grant’s Company in Colonel Warner’s Regiment in the Servis of the United Colonies. March 31, 1776 Before Quebec

This lists only the number of Commissioned Officers and Non-Commissioned Officer but no names.

p.829 to p. 830 Gives the Roster of the Vermont Militia

p.831
The Line – Additonal Corps Green Mountain Boys These muster-rolls are recorded as “Major Brown’s De- tachment,” and that detachment is mentioned as in “Gen- eral Arnold’s Regiment.” (The only mention of General Arnold found in our records.) The fact that the “Green Mountain Boys” were at Quebec in 1776; that two of the officers on these rolls – Captain and Commissary Elijah Babcock, and Capt. Robert Cochran are identified in name and rank with those on a list handed to the Provincial Congress of New York by Ethan Allen and Seth Warner, on July 4, 1775, as officers of the Green Mount- ain Boys; and the further fact that none of the men are recorded in any other place, or with any other organi- zation, all confirm the belief that the soldiers on its rolls herewith were a part of that historic band.

Colonel Ethan Allen
Colonel Seth Warner
Major John Brown
Adjutant William Satterlee
Quartermaster Jonathan Capron
Quartermaster Samuel McClund
Capt. and Com. Elijah Babcock
Capt. Gideon Brownson
Capt. Goodrich
Capt. Hopkins
Capt. Charles Nelson
Lieut. Palmerly Allen
Lieut. Michael Dunning
Lieut. James Gould
Lietu. Ebenezer Hyde
Lieut. William Lighthall
Lieut. David Pixley
Lieut. Walter Swite
Lieut. Elishama Tozer
Lieut. Ebenezer Walbridge
Lieut. Seth Wheeler
Ensign Benoni Grant
Ensign William Lighthall

The information following is stamped “New Hampshire State Library 993.344 V527
The State of Vermont
Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War
1775 to 1783
Published by Authority of the Legislature
Compiled and Edited by John E. Goodrich
A Member of the Vermont Historical Society
Rutland, Vermont
The Tuttle Company
1904

p.832
Enlisted Men

Abbot, William
Alden, Felix
Allen, Abraham
Allen, Amos
Allen, Samuel
Ames, David
Andress, Jeremiah
Andrews, Moses
Averil, Ebenezer
Averill, Robert
Bamur, J.
Barker, Alexander
Barkley, Robert
Barlow, Samuel
Beach, Samuel
Beaman, Jery
Beder, John
Begar, Alexander
Beltheh, Stephen
Bennet, Isaac
Bennet, Nathan
Bheartwick, John
Bishop, Enos
Black, Primas
Blackmon, Epheram
Blanchard, Abner
Blanchard, Azriel
Blodget, Elijah
Boeron, M.
Boggess, Thomas
Borow, Matthew
Brown, John
Buck, Isaac
Burk, Jonathan
Burris, Matthew
Burroughs, Matthew
Cannada, John
Capee, George
Capern, Thomas
Capron, Jonathan
Carley, Abraham
Caswell, Eliphalet
Chadock, Jonas
Chamberlin, Joseph
Chambers, Henry
Chesley, James
Chipman, Jessey
Church, John
Clark, Isaac
Clark, Jessey
Clarke, James
Cobb, John
Cochran, Samuel
Collins, William
Colter, Joseph
Comstock, Aaron
Connely, John
Corbit, Eldad
Cross, John
Cross, Uriah
Cummins, Benjamin
Curtis, David
Curtis, Timothy
David, Abel
Davis, Abel
Dernim, Asa
Dernim, Reubin
Dickey, Elias
Doud, Jesse
Dressen, Jonathan
Drew, Samuel
Dunlap, Samuel
Dunn, Duncan
Eastman, Nathaniel
Eives, Jonah
Erwine, David
Fellows, William
Fitch, Jonathan
Fletcher, John
Flood, Moses
Flood, Timothy
Fone, Timothy
Foot, Jennor
Force, Timothy
Freeman, Elias
Freeman, John
Freeman, Moody
Freeman, Richard
French, John
Fuller, Elijah
Fuller, William
Gamble, James
Garvin, Epheram
Gibson, James
Gilbert, Elisha
Goodcourage, John
Gordon, Alexander
Grant, Benoni
Grapes, Philipo
Gray, John
Griswell, Benjamin
Halet, John
Hand, Ira
Hand, Oliver
Hardy, James
Haselton, John
Hastens, Jonathan
Hawley, Ichabod
Haws, Edward
Heart, John
Heath, Benjamin
Henderson, David
Heniman, Leonard
Heniman, Moses
Holmes, Orsamus
House, Jonathan
Hulburt, William
Huntington, Jery
Huntley, Benjamin
Hutchins, Asa
Jewet, Jedediah
Johnson, Jehial
Jonston, Edin
Jonston, John
Jurdon, Jonathan
Kelley, Abraham
Kelley, John
Kellogg, Joseph
Kellom, Samuel
Kentfield, George
King, Reuben
King, Thomas
Klein, Adonijah
Lapish, John
Lee, Jonathan
Libbey, Joseph
Lighthall, William
Locheron, John
London ______
Luttington, John
Luttington, Moses
McConnel, Jonathan
Magee, William
Magrager, Duncan
Malery, David
Mallarce, Nathaniel
Matthewson, A.
Meloy, J.
Messer, Abiel
Michel, Samuel
Millege, John
Miller, Robert
Milroy, John
Moores, Ezra
Morris, John
Mose, Timothy
Nayson, Benjamin
Nayson, Edward
Nolda, E.
Olcott, William
Olford, Alexander
Ovita, James
Owen, Daniel
Owen, Silvanus
Pain, Francis
Park, J.
Parker, Amasa
Pasavile, John
Patee, Zephniah
Patterson, George
Paul, Robert
Philbrook, Eliphalet
Piper, Thomas
Powers, Nicholas
Prindle, Joel
Prose, Benjamin
Putnam, Asaph
Putnam, Ephron
Quackenbush, Gerardus
Quackenbush, Jacobus
Quin, Michel
Reyolds, John
Richards, Edward
Richardson, Jonathan
Ripney, John
Robertson, John
Robinson, Peter
Rowe, Abner
Rowley, Samuel
Rush, George
Sanborn, John
Saxston, George
Serjeant, Samuel
Shavalee, Joseph
Shepherd, David
Simpson, William
Smith, Abraham
Smith, Benjamin Young
Smith, Eliphelet
Smith, John
Sopers, William
Spencer, Jesse
Spring, Thomas
Squires, James
Stannard, Libeus
Sterling, Archibald
Steven, Isaac
Stevens, John
Stewart, John
Stickney, Ezekiel
Stockwell, Jacob
Stow, Seth
Stuart, Samuel
Sturges, David
Styles, Eli
Sullingham, Henry
Thomas, John
Thurstininlis, Ward
Trouax, John
Trowbridge, Stephen
Turner, Nicholas
Umpsted, Israel
Van De Bogart, Charles
Van Gelder, John
Van Gelder, Jonathan
Van Vorst, Jelles D.
Van Wagenen, Evert
Vine, Ebenezer
Vine, Robert
Vine, Solomon
Wakley, Stephen
Walker, Jonathan
Wallis, Samuel
Waters, John
Watkins, Daniel
Welch, David
Wells, James
Whiston, John
Wiley, David
Willen, Amos
Williams, Nehemiah
Young, John
Young, Joseph

From “New York in the Revolution” pp.61, 62

Source:
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Heroes of ’76
Henry W. De Puy Buffolo 1853

History of the town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts : from its first settlement in 1657 to 1861

The history of the town of Catherine, Schuyler County, N.Y.

Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania, Volumes I-III – Percival James Eaton
Pennsylvania Founding Families, 1681-1911

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